European Commission, JRC Joint Research Center | Institute for Energy and Transport | Renewable Energy Unit | Ispra | Italy
Dr. Heinz Ossenbrink, born in 1951, has a PhD in Nuclear Physics from Hahn Meitner Institute, Berlin and joined the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre in 1982. He built up the JRC’s activity on Photovoltaics when Europe started its research and pilot programme for Photovoltaic systems. In 1995 he became Head of the Unit for Renewable Energy, and expanded research and support activities to Energy Efficiency and Bio-Energy, notably Biofuels. His work is dedicated to the scientific support of EU legislation for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency. More recently, he is developing the unit’s portfolio to support Africa’s efforts for a renewable energy supply.
Since 1982 he is contributing to the standards work of the IEC TC82, Solar Photovoltaic Systems, in particular regarding calibration of reference cells and lifetime testing of PV modules. His many publications cover measurement and testing methods for photovoltaic generators, economic assessment of renewable energy and global environmental impacts of extended bio-fuel use.
From 1995 he has been serving as Programme Chair of the prestigious series of European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conferences and in 2005 he commenced and still continues his term assisting the Programme Chair of the prestigious series of European Biomass Conferences.
He lives on the shores of Lake Maggiore in northern Italy where he practices sailing and skiing, and is deeply interested in global sustainability issues.
ENEA-DTE-FSN-FOSG | Energy Technologies Department | Photovoltaics and smart networks unit | Photovoltaic systems and smart grids lab | Portici | Naples | Italy
Architect, PhD in Technologies for Architecture and Environment. Since 2000 she works as researcher at ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), Photovoltaic Technologies Area (www.enea.it). Her main interest is working on the hybrid border between scientific research and design, to create a domain of common understanding and possibilities for experimentations in the real living environment.
Her main fields of activity are: Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV), Landscape Integrated Photovoltaics (LIPV), Net Zero Energy Buildings and Smart Cities.
She writes papers, she collaborates with the architectural magazine Domus, she patented innovative photovoltaic components for buildings and the urban environment, she edited books, and she participates and organize several scientific events and conferences. After having worked at the architectural scale, since 2007 she investigates the topic Energy-Landscapes, with a special focus on Photovoltaics and agricultural greenhouses.
She is a teacher at the Italian National Institute of Architecture for a post graduate master “Designer of sustainable architectures”. She is involved in European Project aiming at the development of special photovoltaic components for buildings. She is also involved in several IEA (International Energy Agency) research groups. In particular: 2008-2012 IEA SHC Task 41 “Solar Energy and Architecture”; 2008-2013 IEA SHC-EBC, Task 40-Annex 52 “Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings”, 2013-2017 IEA SHC Task 51 “Solar Energy in Urban Planning”.
ENEA-DTE-FSN-FOSG | Energy Technologies Department | Photovoltaics and smart networks unit | Photovoltaic systems and smart grids lab | Portici | Naples | Italy
Giorgio Graditi received the doctoral degree and the Laurea degree (cum laude) in electrical engineering from the University of Palermo (Italy), in 1999 and 2005, respectively. Since 2000, he is a Researcher at ENEA, Italian National agency for new technologies, Energy and sustainable economic development. Since 2011 he is the head of Photovoltaic Systems and Smart Grid Unit of ENEA research center of Portici at Naples (Italy). In 2013, he received the Italian National Scientific Qualification as Associate Professor in the competition sector electrical energy engineering. His main research interests are in: power systems design and control; power system conversion; PV, CPV and BIPV electrical and thermal design, characterization and reliability; micro-grids and smart grids modelling and analysis; multi-objective optimization applications. He is a member of IEA task 11 “PV Hybrid systems within mini-grids” and task 14 “High penetration of PV systems in electricity grids” and of Italian Electrotechnical Committee (CEI) CT 82 “Solar photovoltaic”, CT 316 “Connection to LV, MV and HV distribution networks” and CT 313 “Smart grids”. He is the ENEA responsible of many national and European (FP7) projects within solar photovoltaic and energy field. He has supervised several MSc and PhD theses. He is also peer review, member of editorial and advisor board of scientific journals, and chairman in international conference. He is author of more 150 scientific papers published in the proceedings of international conference and journals.
University of Salento | Landscape Ecology Laboratory | Department of Biological and Environmental | Sciences and Technologies | Lecce | Italy
Irene Petrosillo is a landscape ecology researcher at the University of Salento. She teaches Landscape Ecology and Environmental Impact Assessment in the Master Course in Environmental Sciences at the University of Salento. She studied Biological Sciences at the University of Salento, and obtained her PhD in Basic Ecology in 2005. Irene Petrosillo got international working experience during her visiting research periods in Germany at the Ecology Center of the University of Kiel. Her research interests focus on the spatio-temporal dynamics of socio-ecological landscapes, relationships between ecosystem services and landscape pattern and processes, and the effects of renewable energies on landscape services. Irene Petrosillo is a IALE member, one of the founder members of the Ecosystem Services Partnership, and a member of the Italian Society of Ecology. Her publications include numerous papers on ISI Journals, a book on “The Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security” published by Springer, several book chapters, one edited special issue on Ecological Complexity and numerous reviews for international highly ranked journals.
THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN UTILITY-SCALE SOLAR ENERGY AND LANDSCAPE SERVICES
Among renewable energies, a feasible short- and long-term solution against climate change is represented by the generation of electricity from sunlight, directly through photovoltaic systems and indirectly (solar concentration systems), providing significant environmental benefits in comparison to the conventional (fossil) energy production. However, these forms of energies are not free of environmental impacts, mainly on landscape services that are the benefits people derive from the landscape and are the basis for the maintenance of their quality of life. Therefore, both factors that have played a relevant role in the increase of land-based renewable energies spread, like in the case of USSE and factors that have given rise to some concerns about the PV technology in local Governments and communities have recently grown ￼up, with new challenges for landscape planning and management. The environmental impacts of utility-scale solar energy (USSE) and the trade-offs between global climate regulation service and other local ecosystem services are analyzed and a case study is presented in order to discuss the need to include landscape services in the environmental impact assessment of land-based renewable energies.
Wageningen University and Research Centre | Landscape Architecture Chair Group | Wageningen | The Netherlands
Esther Bergstra, Master of Science, Wageningen University, 2013, BSc, Wageningen University and Research Centre is a designer, landscape architect and researcher.
She is a landscape architect at Grontmij, an advisory and engineering company. In this job she puts her knowledge into practice. She works on different assignments of different scale levels, all with a sustainable component. Besides this she is a member of the NRGlab which is linked to the Landscape Architecture Group of Wageningen University. The NRGlab is a laboratory on energy transition. The key research question addressed in the NRGlab is how to design, plan, and develop sustainable landscapes. For the NRGlab Esther researches the role of design in realizing sustainable landscape transformations.
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY LANDSCAPES. ADVANCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PARKS
The future of a sustainable energy system lies in the use of space – space needed for the generation of renewable energy – our approach to landscapes is decisive. The key question for spatial developers and decision makers therefore is how to design, plan, and develop sustainable landscapes. This presentation will give a conceptual and spatial framework to inform the development of PV parks.
Hood Studio | Oakland | California | USA
UC Berkeley | College of Environmental Design | Berkeley | California | USA
Walter Hood, Master of Fine Arts, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, 2010, M.L.A and M.Arch, University of California, Berkeley, B.L.A., University of California is an artist, designer and educator.
He is professor of Landscape Architecture & Environmental Planning and Urban Design. In his teaching and practice he is committed to the development of environments which reflect their place and time specifically through how people inhabit various geographies.
Hood Design is a cultural practice committed to creating environments in which people live work and play. The studio practice engages urban landscape where a collective density of inhabitants share physical, social, political and economic resources. This multidimensional context is the setting for the development of powerful sculpted expressions that explore site specific social and environmental processes. Landscapes and built elements emerge as improvised acts, familiar yet reshaped into something new.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE | Freiburg | Germany
Claudio Ferrara is a scientist, currently focussing his research activities on building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV). With more than 20 years of research experience in the field of renewable energy, especially photovoltaic energy, sustainable development of energy systems for buildings and cities, and life cycle assessment (LCA), he is convinced that a holistic approach is needed to define our future energy systems. A combination of different capabilities is needed to obtain new solutions. Claudio Ferrara dedicates his work toward the goal of implementing a future, 100% renewable energy system. In his conference presentations, he is committed to addressing the whole spectrum of technical, scientific and design questions. Being educated in science (physics) and art (architecture), he understands himself as a translator and bridge builder between these two worlds. To achieve large tasks, someone also has to take the small details into account.
INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS: UNPOLISHED JEWELLERY IN THE LANDSCAPE
In Europe, our built environment is mostly predetermined by the existing building stock (>= 99%). The built environment, landscape and inhabitants are all involved in mutual interaction. Humans are informed by their (built) environment and the (built) environment is shaped by humans. The built environment represents a part of a technical system, which also has historical, social and political significance and impacts, and expresses itself in architectural aspects. Several studies have estimated a large technical potential for building-attached or building-integrated installation of PV (BAPV or BIPV) on roofs and façades of existing buildings in Europe. These estimates are based on the technical potential, without taking into account the social, political, economic and architectural requirements of cities and urban agglomerations and their impact on urban planning.
Most European cities have a (historical) centre or core and newly built outskirts and peripheral zones, often used as industrial and commercial areas. These industrial areas consist of large and mostly monotonous industrial buildings, with hardly any or only limited historical, social, political or architectural significance. These existing industrial buildings, which form 40 – 50% of the non-residential building stock, can provide some 100 million square metres of roofs and façades alone in Germany for the installation of PV façade and roof elements to generate millions of GWh each year. With BIPV façade and roof systems, they can be transformed from dull, grey boxes into jewel-like energy boxes, converting power from the sun. Large factory buildings, retail outlets and warehouses can be converted from insignificant, utilitarian “architecture” into new landmarks with an added benefit as energy supply centres. By converting industrial buildings into architectural jewels in the landscape, we can preserve historic centres and be a step closer to a self-sufficient society
Design and Technology for Environment and BuildingsDepartment of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering | Politecnico di Milano | Milan | Italy
Nebojsa Jakica is currently researcher and PhD Candidate at Politecnico di Milano in Italy. His PhD research “Performance-Based Architectural Design, Simulation and Optimisation of Complex BIPV Façades” covers multidisciplinary areas of façade design, daylighting, PV energy yield, whole building energy simulation and user-interactive optimisation. Particular focus is given to the integration of simulations and optimisations in the parametric design processes and tools for achieving Zero Energy Buildings. During his studies he has also been working as a sustainable building consultant and 3D modelling expert for Vittorio Grassi Architetto and Partners. Together with the leading building design and engineering practices such as ARUP, Buro Happold, schlaich bergermann und partner, Populous, Ai Engineering and F&M Ingegneria, he has actively contributing in winning many international competitions worldwide like Vigorelli stadium in Milan, Italy, Military City of Ceccighnola in Rome, Italy, Sports Hall in Lamezia Terme, Italy, Olonkholand Complex in Yakutsk, Russia and Masterplan in Samara, Russia. He is also an Italian representative for IEA PVPS Task 15 on BIPV and a member of ACADIA and IBPSA.
PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN OF COMPLEX COLOURED SEMI-TRANSPARENT BIPV FAÇADE TIFAIN
Presentation will cover integrated design process of creation BIPV module and facade composed of complex profiled glass and Dye Sensitised Solar Cells for the purposes of project TIFAIN. It will be presented how ray tracing performance simulations influenced design decisions and geometry of saw tooth complex glass profile section to maximize light trapping for increasing energy generation by PV and control light reflection and deflection for balancing daylighting indoor. Moreover, it will be demonstrated influence of colour and transparency of DSSC on quality of light and user comfort. Finally, results, major limitations of currently available simulation tools and difficulties that appeared as well as possible future research and development directions, will be shown through the process of experimental validation of the optical simulations.
Astrid Schneider Solar Architecture design, research & communication | Berlin | Germany
Master’s degree as diploma engineer architecture, Berlin University of the Arts (D). Since 1993 until today she is self employed as author and architect, specialised in solar architecture and the realization of BIPV-projects, based in Berlin (D). In 1998-99 she worked on the EU project BIMODE at the Academy of Media Arts Cologne, Köln (D), later on PVACCEPT, Berlin University of the Arts in Berlin (D). Working at BEAR-architects in Gouda (NL), she contributed to IEA-PVPS publications and a database about BIPV.
PHOTOVOLTAIC PRODUCTS FOR THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT. 20 YEARS OF DEVELOPMENTS AND EXPERIMENTATIONS, AN OVERVIEW
Solkompaniet | Mälardalen University | Örebro | Sweden
David Larsson is Head of Research at Sweden’s largest PV installation company, Solkompaniet, and also Ph.D. student at Mälardalen University. His journey within the PV field started in 2001, with some of the early Swedish projects in the sustainable development area of Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm.
After some years working in the wider area of energy efficiency and sustainable transport – always headed towards reducing climate impact – he returned to the PV community in 2010 as a project manager at Solkompaniet (named Direct Energy at the time). The company grew and started a separate consulting business in 2012, which was initially led by David.
In 2013 Solkompaniet became one of the industrial partners of the Reesbe doctorate school, which gave David the opportunity to become a Ph.D. student. His research topic is Cost-Effective PV Installations, focusing on the integration of PV in both buildings and the electricity system.
LET THE MOUNTAIN COME TO MOHAMMED. HOW TO BUILD A COST-EFFICIENT PHOTOVOLTAIC FAÇADE
The cost difference between custom-made and mass produced PV modules is significant, which means redesigning the building may be a good option. In this case study, a multi-family residential building in Uppsala, Sweden, had its façade redesigned to fit the specific thin-film PV module.
One key-factor to succeed was the fruitful collaboration between the developer, the architect and the PV consultant in an early stage of the project. Another was to get hold of enough PV modules after the PV manufacturer declared bankruptcy…
Finally, the end-result was a complete and functioning PV façade at the same price as for just the PV, if custom-made modules would have been chosen.
SIARQ Advanced Solar Design | Barcelona | Spain
After the Master Degree in Civil Engineer earned in the University of Perugia (Italy), she obtained a Scholarship in Environmental and Buildings Physics at the same University.
In 2012, after a post graduate Diploma in Innovation Management and Promotion, she started her professional collaboration with SIARQ, company specialized in the integration of photovoltaic energy in urban products and architecture (Barcelona, Spain), where she currently held the position of Project Manager.
FROM THE PREHISTORY OF THE PHOTOVOLTAIC TO THE FUTURE: DINOSAUR PHOTOVOLTAIC SCULPTURE AND THE NEXT GENERATION OF FASCOM SOLAR LIGHTING SYSTEMS
The concept of transforming cities as potential photovoltaic power plants inspired SIARQ to design and develop a family of products based on the integration of solar energy into urban environment.
Traditional photovoltaic urban products are only focused in functionality, and aesthetic values are not considered. The desire of SIARQ is to give emphasis on both and the creation of DINOSAUR and FASCOM is the answer to this desire.
The photovoltaic modules are harmoniously integrated in the products as inner part of the design, bringing renewable energy one-step closer to the needs of our contemporary cities.